The technique and process of imaging the interior of a body for clinical examination and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of particular organs or tissues, is referred to as medical imaging (physiology). Medical imaging aims to expose hidden interior structures underneath the skin and bones, as well as diagnose and cure disease. Medical imaging also creates a database of normal anatomy and physiology, allowing abnormalities to be detected. Although medical imaging of excised organs and tissues is possible, such operations are normally classified as pathology rather than medical imaging. It includes radiology, which uses imaging technologies such as X-ray radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, endoscopy, elastography, tactile imaging, thermography, medical photography, and nuclear medicine functional imaging techniques such as positron emission tomography and single-photon emission computed tomography in its broadest sense.
Other methods that yield data susceptible to depiction as a parameter graph vs. image include electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), electrocardiography (ECG), and others that are not primarily meant to produce images. time or maps containing information about measurement sites These technologies can be classified as kinds of medical imaging in another discipline in a limited comparison. Medical imaging is commonly thought to refer to a collection of noninvasive procedures for creating images of the body's internal structures. Medical imaging can be thought of as the solution of mathematical inverse problems in this limited sense. This suggests that effect infers cause (the qualities of living tissue) (the observed signal).
The probe in medical ultrasound is made up of ultrasonic pressure waves and echoes that go into the tissue and reveal the internal structure. The probe in projectional radiography uses X-ray radiation, which is absorbed at varying rates by various tissue types such as bone, muscle, and fat. In the clinical setting, "invisible light" medical imaging is commonly referred to as "radiology" or "clinical imaging," and a radiologist is the medical professional in charge of analyzing (and occasionally acquiring) the images. Medical imaging using "visible light" refers to digital video or still images that can be viewed without the use of special equipment.
Visible light imaging is used in dermatology and wound treatment, for example. The technological aspects of medical imaging, particularly the acquisition of medical pictures, are referred to as diagnostic radiography. Although radiologists perform some radiological procedures, the radiographer or radiologic technologist is usually in charge of obtaining diagnostic-quality medical pictures. Medical imaging, as a subject of study, is classified as a sub-discipline of biomedical engineering, medical physics, or medicine, depending on the context: Instrumentation, image acquisition (e.g., radiography), modelling, and quantification research and development are typically the domains of biomedical engineering, medical physics, and computer science. Radiology and the medical sub-discipline related to the medical condition or field of medical science under inquiry (neuroscience, cardiology, psychiatry, psychology, etc.) frequently conduct research into the application and interpretation of medical imaging. Many of the medical imaging techniques have scientific and industrial uses as well.
Citation: Pradhan A (2021) Medical Imaging: An Overview. J Biomed Eng & Med Dev. 6:159.
Received: 10-May-2021 Accepted: 16-May-2021 Published: 22-May-2021 , DOI: 10.35248/2475-75126.96.36.199
Copyright: © 2021 Pradhan A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited