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High Blood Sugar Levels Over a Prolonged Period: Diabetes
Journal of Glycobiology

Journal of Glycobiology
Open Access

ISSN: 2168-958X

+44 20 3868 9735

Mini Review - (2021)Volume 10, Issue 3

High Blood Sugar Levels Over a Prolonged Period: Diabetes

Lavakumar Konda*
 
*Correspondence: Lavakumar Konda, Department of Endocrinology, Christian Medical College & Hospital, Vellore, India, Email:

Author info »

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus could be a chronic metabolic disorder, diabetes results from lack of the pancreas to deliver sufficient insulin due to low levels of beta cells. high blood sugar produces the side effects of frequent urination, expanded thirst, and expanded starvation. Untreated, diabetes can cause numerous complications. complications such as disability of immune system, periodontal infection, retinopathy, nephropathy, physical and autonomic neuropathy, cardiovascular diseases.

Introduction

Diabetes mellitus may be a bunch of metabolic infections in which the individual has high blood glucose level either due to insufficient insulin production or because the body's cells don't react appropriately to insulin or both. Side effects frequently incorporate frequent urination, expanded thirst and expanded craving.

In case cleared out untreated, diabetes can cause numerous health complications. Intense complications can incorporate diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or death [1]. Genuine long-term complications incorporate cardiovascular malady, stroke, incessant kidney disease, foot ulcers, harm to the nerves, harm to the eyes and cognitive impairment.

Type 1 diabetes cause from failure of the pancreas to deliver sufficient insulin due to lack of beta cells. This form was already referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus adolescent diabetes. The lack of beta cells is caused by an immune system reaction. Type 2 diabetes starts with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin appropriately. As the illness progresses, a need of insulin may also create. This form was already alluded to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or adult-onset diabetes [2]. The majority of type 1 diabetes is an immune-mediated nature, in which a T cell insulin. Many individuals with type 2 diabetes have evidence of prediabetes before meeting the criteria for type 2 diabetes [3].

Mediated immune system attack leads to the lack of beta cells and The movement of prediabetes to overt type 2 diabetes can be moderated or reversed by way of life changes or medicines that progress insulin sensitivity or diminish the liver's glucose production [4].

Type 2 diabetes is basically due to lifestyle variables and genetics [5]. A number of lifestyle components are known to be critical to the improvement of type 2 diabetes, including obesity, lack of physical action, destitute diet, stress, and urbanization.

Treatment for diabetes mellitus is decreasing blood glucose concentrations to ordinary levels. Accomplishing typically critical in promoting well-being and in minimizing the improvement and progression of the long-term complications of diabetes.

In overweight or obese patients with type 2 diabetes, caloric confinement for indeed fair a couple of days may result in significant enhancement in hyperglycemia. In expansion, weight loss, ideally combined with work out, can lead to progressed insulin sensitivity and indeed restoration of normal glucose metabolism.

Diabetes mellitus may be a constant metabolic disorder caused by an absolute or relative lack of insulin. Absence, pulverization, or lack of beta cells of the islets of Langerhans causes an absolute insufficiency of insulin, leading to type 1 diabetes.

References

  1. Kitabchi AE, Umpierrez GE, Miles JM, Fisher JN. "Hyperglycemic crises in adult patients with diabetes". Diabetes Care. 2009;32: 1335–43.
  2. Rother KI. "Diabetes treatment—bridging the divide". The New England Journal of Medicine. 2007;356: 1499–501.
  3. Petzold A, Solimena M, Knoch KP. "Mechanisms of Beta Cell Dysfunction Associated With Viral Infection". Current Diabetes Reports. 2015;15: 73.
  4. Carris NW, Magness RR, Labovitz AJ. "Prevention of Diabetes Mellitus in Patients With Prediabetes". The American Journal of Cardiology. 2019;123: 507–512.
  5. Risérus U, Willett WC, Hu FB. "Dietary fats and prevention of type 2 diabetes". Progress in Lipid Research. 2009;48: 44–51.

Author Info

Lavakumar Konda*
 
1Department of Endocrinology, Christian Medical College & Hospital, India
 

Citation: Konda K. (2021) High Blood Sugar Levels Over a Prolonged Period: Diabetes. J Glycobiol 10:164.

Received: 05-May-2021 Accepted: 20-May-2021 Published: 27-May-2021 , DOI: 10.35248/2168-958X.21.10.164

Copyright: © 2021 Konda K. Thisis an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.