Comparative analysis of genotypic variants of TNF-α and CTLA-4 genes in patients with chronic hepatitis C and liver cirrhosis and their effect on the course of the disease. The analysis of the effect of TNF-α gene genotypes on the course of the disease indicates an increased risk of CVHC development with both moderate and highly active course of the disease in carriers of the G/A+A/A genotype combination. The data obtained allow us to conclude that the carriage of the “G” allele and the combination of genotypes A/G+G/G of the -A49G polymorphism of the CTLA-4 gene are associated not only with a decrease in the risk of CVHC development, but also with a lower intensity of inflammation and fibro-formation in the liver and a high probability of favorable course of the disease.
The problem of the spread and treatment of chronic viral hepatitis C continues to be one of the significant problems of internal medicine. The urgency of the problem of hepatitis C is determined by the high epidemiological and socio economic significance of this disease, as well as the widespread occurrence, severity of the course and the frequency of development of chronic forms [1-3]. It is HCV infection that is the main reason for the formation of the entire group of chronic liver diseaseschronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, hepatocarcinoma [4-6]. At the same time, the study of this issue is not only medical, but also socioeconomic in nature. It is believed that chronic hepatitis C is always potentially dangerous, but the pathogenesis of this disease is not fully understood. This will require a search for new approaches and new fundamental research [7,8].
The main group of the study included 107 patients with Chronic Viral Hepatitis C (CVHC). To assess the association of polymorphic markers of TNF-4 and CTLA-4 genes, patients with CVHC were divided into three subgroups. The first subgroup includes patients with moderate activity, chronic hepatitis C (CHC) (n=33). The second subgroup consisted of patients with a high degree of CHC activity (n=37). The third subgroup included patients with liver cirrhosis (n=37). The criteria for inclusion in the study were clinical, biochemical and instrumental verification of the diagnosis with the definition and stage and severity of the disease, as well as the detection of hepatitis C virus RNA by the AmpliSens HCV-FRT test system detected by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) on a Rotor Gene 6000 device. As a comparison group, a population control was used, which was represented by DNA samples (n=81) of apparently healthy donors without chronic liver infection. The material for the molecular genetic study was the peripheral blood of the examined persons. DNA isolation was carried out according to the standard procedure with some modifications and using the reagents of the “Interlabservice” company (Russia). Identification of alleles of gene polymorphism was carried out using polymerase chain reaction.
The carriage of the “G” allele and the combination of genotypes A/G+G/G of the -A49G polymorphism of the CTLA-4 gene are associated not only with a decrease in the risk of CVHC development, but also with a lower intensity of inflammation and fibro-formation in the liver and a high probability of favorable course of the disease.
Citation: Azimova SB, Iriskulov BU (2021) Genetic Characteristics of the Course of Chronic Hepatitis. J Cell Sci Therapy.S8:326.
Received Date: Nov 05, 2021 / Accepted Date: Nov 19, 2021 / Published Date: Nov 26, 2021
Copyright: © 2021 Azimova SB, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.