Internal Medicine: Open Access

Internal Medicine: Open Access
Open Access

ISSN: 2165-8048

Editorial - (2021)

Editorial Note on COVID-19 and FLU

Abdullah Muhammad*
*Correspondence: Abdullah Muhammad, Department of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia, Email:

Author info »


Coronavirus (COVID-19) and flu are infectious viral illnesses portrayed by pneumonia and intense respiratory disappointment in extreme cases. Both spot a weight on the medical care framework, however target granular appraisals of their near sway on people and the medical care framework are inadequate in the writing. The novel strain of Covid (SARS-CoV-2) causes Covid infection 19 (COVID-19). Both COVID-19 and seasonal influenza are respiratory ailments that spread from one individual to another. Covid and flu infections are both wrapped, single-abandoned RNA infections and both are encapsulated by nucleoprotein. In any case, the genomes of these 2 infections vary in extremity and division. Flu infection is involved 8 single-abandoned negative-sense, viral RNA portions. SARS-CoV-2 has single-abandoned, non-portioned, positivesense, viral RNA. Both infections have recognizing surface proteins that fill in as significant destructiveness factors for disease. SARS-CoV-2 is canvassed in spike (S) proteins that work with attack of host cells. S proteins tie to the host cell receptor, Angiotensin-Changing over Catalyst 2 (ACE2), which manages pulse and liquid salt adjusts and is communicated by numerous organ frameworks all through the body, including the lungs, heart, kidneys, liver, digestion tracts, cerebrum and fat tissues. After restricting, SARS-CoV-2 infuses its RNA into the contaminated cell and utilizations have cell apparatus to reproduce its genome. Recently blended infection particles are then delivered to contaminate extra host cells. Flu infections depend on the community elements of 2 viral surface proteins, Haemagglutinin (HA) and Neuraminidase (NA) to enter and leave have cells. The host cell receptor for flu infections is sialic corrosive, a sugar chain that is genuinely omnipresent and connected to surface lipids and proteins of most host cells, just as solvent proteins. HA specially ties to sialic corrosive on the outside of respiratory epithelial cells, and intervenes section the infection to have cells. Once inside, flu infection additionally delivers its RNA to be replicated and combined into new infection particles. Nonetheless, as long as HA stays bound to sialic corrosive on cell surfaces, recently combined infection particles can't leave the contaminated cells. NA separates sialic corrosive from the cell surface, which discharges HA and permits offspring infections to exit tainted cells and keep spreading. Influenza and COVID-19 are both essentially spread through little, infection bound particles considered respiratory drops that are delivered when a tainted individual hacks, wheezes, and talks or just breathes out. Somebody who is close by may breathe in these beads or become contaminated through actual contact, such as handshaking or embracing, trailed by contacting their own nose or mouth. Flu infection can stay irresistible on surfaces outside of the body for as long as 48 hours, which implies that it's feasible to become ill by contacting an item or surface that has as of late been hacked on, sniffled on or contacted by somebody who has this season's virus. There is proof recommending that SARS-CoV-2 RNA may stay present on items and surfaces for broadened timeframes, however how long the infection stays irresistible outside of the body still can't seem to be absolutely decided. Respiratory infections basically contaminate cells of the lungs and respiratory lot. Accordingly, indications and methods of transmission are firmly connected to breathe measures. Both SARS-CoV-2 and flu cause fever, hack, windedness, weakness, sore throat, runny nose, body hurts, heaving and the runs. SARS-CoV-2 likewise causes loss of taste or smell, and extra, more uncommon, COVID-19 side effects and intricacies are proceeding to be noticed, revealed and assessed. As we advance toward fall, everything things we can manage to get ready for the agreeing influenza season and worldwide COVID-19 pandemic are get inoculated against this season's virus and practice great hand cleanliness and social separating measures. Discover where influenza immunization is accessible close to you.

Author Info

Abdullah Muhammad*
Department of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia

Citation: Muhammad A (2021) Editorial Note on COVID-19 and FLU. Intern Med. S5:e003.

Received: 06-Apr-2021 Accepted: 20-Apr-2021 Published: 27-Apr-2021 , DOI: 10.35248/2165-8048.21.s5.e003

Copyright: © 2021 Muhammad A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.