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Organic Chemistry: Current Research

Organic Chemistry: Current Research
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0401

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Editorial - (2021)Volume 10, Issue 2

Editorial Highlights on High Energy Compounds: Current Research

Sandhya Kille1*
 
*Correspondence: Sandhya Kille, Department of Microbiology, Acharya Nagarjuna University, India, Email:

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Editorial

Compounds in Biological system which on hydrolysis yield free energy adequate or greater than that of ATP. Compound that yield energy but -7.3cal/mol are called Low Energy Compounds.

Most of the high energy compounds contain phosphate group [except acetyl CoA] hence they're also called high energy phosphates. The energy that's actually available [utilizable] to try and do the work is named Free Energy. Change in free energy is denoted by â??G. Also called Gibb’s Free Energy.

Energy-rich compounds in cells comprise five types of high-energy bonds: phosphoanhydride, acyl phosphate, enol phosphate, and guanidine phosphate and thioester bonds. Phosphoanhydride bond is created between two molecules of oxyacid (H3PO4).

ATP acts as a link between catabolism [exergonic reaction] and anabolism [endergonic reaction]. Catabolic reactions can give energy within the variety of ATP. Anabolic reactions can utilize energy through hydrolysis of ATP. It transfers phosphoryl groups from high energy compounds to less energetic compounds.

The High-energy compounds are present altogether living cells, participating within the processes of energy accumulation and conversion. The compounds are represented mainly by nucleotide (ATP) and substances capable of ATP formation in enzyme reactions chiefly involving the transfer of phosphate groups. All known highenergy compounds contain either a phosphoryl group (High-Energy Compounds) or a radical the complicated processes of metabolism wouldn't be possible without the assistance of certain high-energy molecules. The most purpose of those molecules is to transfer either salt groups (Pi) or hydride (H-) ions. The salt groups are accustomed make high energy bonds with many of the intermediates of metabolism. These bonds can then be broken to yield energy, thus driving the metabolic processes of life. Hydride ions may be transferred from one intermediate to a different leading to a net oxidation or reduction of the intermediate. Oxidation corresponds to a loss of hydride and reduction to the gaining of hydride. Certain reduced kinds of high energy molecules like NADH and [FADH2] can donate their electrons to the electron carriers of the Electron Transport Chain (ETC) which ends within the production of ATP (only under aerobic conditions).

Author Info

Sandhya Kille1*
 
1Department of Microbiology, Acharya Nagarjuna University, India
 

Citation: Sandhya K (2021) Editorial Highlights on High Energy Compounds: Current Research. Organic Chem Curr Res. 9:209.

Received: 12-Feb-2021 Accepted: 19-Feb-2021 Published: 26-Feb-2021

Copyright: Sandhya K. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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