Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine

Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine
Open Access

ISSN: 2379-1764

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Editor’s Note - (2021)Volume 9, Issue 3

Diabetes and it Complications in Future

Gunwoo Kim*
*Correspondence: Gunwoo Kim, Department of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea, Korea, Email:

Author info »

Diabetes is one of the diseasesit becoming increasingly more throughout the world, because increased obesity is high risk which can lead to metabolic syndrome or pre-diabetes leading to higher incidences of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is one of the metabolic disease that causes high sugar level in blood. The insulin hormone plays an improtant role in moves sugar from the blood into inside your cells to be stored or used for energy [1]. In diabetes condition, patient body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it does make. If treatment is done in such cases high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs.

The diabetes are divided into different types based on the symptomes and conditions. These are Type 1 diabetes and it is an autoimmune disease. In this type of diabetes, the cells in the pancreas immune system attacks and destroys, where insulin is made. But the process is unclear. About 10 percent of people are suffering with this type of diabetes. Other type is Type 2 diabetes and it is occur when your body becomes resistant to insulin, sugar builds up in your blood and increases the sugar level in blood [2,3]. Gestational diabetes is commonly seen in pregnancy with high blood sugarpatients.

The Complications are generally seen in diabetes. These are heart related disease like heart attack, and stroke, nerves related like neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy and vision loss.Other complications are hearing loss, foot infections and sores that don’t heal such as bacterial and fungal infections, anxiety and depression, dementia The diabetes can prevent by regular exercise and taking healthy diet. Should do atleast 150 min per week of aerobic exercise, such as walking or cycling. Diet should include Cut saturated and trans fats, along with refined carbohydrates, out of your diet. Add more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Adivse eat smaller portions and many times. Try to reduce the obesity. Because obesity is the big factor for the diabetes [4,5].

Patients should maintain a healthy nutrition diet with high percentage of fibre, low-index carbohydrate and controlling the intake of high-fat foods. Dietary plans to reduce the body weight can help with weight loss, targeted plans should follow accordingly. Regular physical Exercise can lower the blood glucose levels as it increases glucose use by muscles. Type 1 diabetes symptoms are High percentage of sugar level in the blood and urine, Frequent urination, feeling more hungry,Thirst, Weight loss seen, feeling Weakness,Nausea and vomting. Diabetic retinopathy is one of the significant major eye-related problem that can happen in patients with diabetes. Over 95% of patients will have perceptible changes following 20 years. Different issues incorporate waterfalls and visual paralyses. utonomic intricacies of diabetes can have very significant impacts on patients and may require multi-disciplinary contribution to their consideration. A portion of the major autonomic neuropathies incorporate postural hypotension, gastroparesis (postponed gastric purging prompting spewing), and looseness of the bowels, bladder brokenness and erectile brokenness.


  1. Albourhi A, Halim FA (2021) Impacts on the Family due to Living with Child having Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. J Diab Metab. 12:864.
  2. Luis J (2021) Gadgets for Diabetes Treatment Have Changed. J Med Diagn Meth. 10:313.
  3. Geleta BA, Dingata ST, Emanu MD, Kebede EB, Eba LB, Abera KB, et al. (2021) Prevalence of Depression and Associated Factors among Type 2 Diabetes Patients attending hospitals in Ilu AbaBor and Bunno Bedelle Zones, South West Ethiopia, 2020: A Cross Sectional Study. J Depress Anxiety. 9:388.
  4. Zarola F (2021) Retrospective Analysis of Diabetes Comorbidity in Populations with Movement Disorders Related to Parkinson’s disease. J Aging Sci. S4: 004.
  5. Strauss K (2015) Best Practice Diabetes Injection Technique is Key to Improved Glycaemic Variability and Avoiding Injection Site Issues. General Med. 3: 1000168.

Author Info

Gunwoo Kim*
Department of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea, Korea

Citation: Kim G (2021) Diabetes and it Complications in Future. Adv Tech Biol Med. 9:290. doi: 10.4172/2379-1764.1000290

Received: 06-Mar-2021 Accepted: 20-Mar-2021 Published: 27-Mar-2021 , DOI: 10.35248/2379-1764.21.9.290

Copyright: © 2021 Kim G. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License,which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.