Medical & Surgical Urology

Medical & Surgical Urology
Open Access

ISSN: 2168-9857

Commentary - (2021)Volume 10, Issue 10

A Short Note on Vesicoureteral Reflux

Paraskev Katsakori*
*Correspondence: Paraskev Katsakori, Department of Urology, University of Patras, Greece, Email:

Author info »


Vesicoureteral Reflux (VUR) is the point at which the progression of urine goes the incorrect way. This condition is more normal among infants and kids. Urine, which is the fluid by product from your body, regularly flows one way. It goes down from the kidneys, then, at that point, into tubes called the ureters and gets stored in your bladder. You discharge the urine out of your bladder when you pee.

At the point when you have VUR, the urine in your bladder returns up to the ureter and the kidneys. This could cause contaminations and harm your kidneys. VUR influences around 10% of children. Albeit most are able to grow out of this condition, individuals who have extreme cases might require a surgery to protect their kidneys.

VUR can also affect adults and older children.

What Causes VUR?

A fold valve is found where the ureter joins with the bladder. Typically, the valve permits just a single direction flow of urine from the ureters to the bladder. In any case, when that fold valve doesn't work right, this permits the reverse of urine. This can influence one or the two ureters. You may hear your PCP or medical attendant call this "essential vesicoureteral reflux."

In what's known as "optional vesicoureteral reflux," there's a blockage at the bladder that makes urine push once again into the ureters.

What Are the Symptoms?

Numerous youngsters with VUR don't have side effects. In any case, when they do, the most well-known one is a urinary parcel disease (UTI) brought about by microorganisms. UTIs may not generally accompany indications, yet when they do, they could include:

  • Compelling impulse to urine
  • Agony or consuming while at the same time urineing
  • Blood in urine or overcast, stinky urine
  • Urineing limited quantities
  • Fever
  • Unexpected, continuous urine or wetting
  • Stomach torment
  • On the off chance that you see these UTI side effects in your kid, contact your PCP. On the off chance that your kid has a rectal temperature of 100.4 F or fever of 102 F, call your PCP without a moment's delay

Different indications for VUR might include:

  • Inconvenience urineing (wetting jeans or bed, spillages, desperation to urine)
  • Mass in the stomach region (conceivable indication of enlarged bladder)
  • Helpless weight gain (loss of hunger)
  • Hypertension
  • Blockage

How Could It be Diagnosed?

VUR can be identified before birth by an ultrasound, which uses sound waves to give a picture of within your body.

At least one of these tests can likewise be utilized:

  • Voiding cystourethogram (VCUG)- During this test, a specialist utilizes a flimsy, plastic cylinder to infuse a liquid with an X-beam color into your bladder. Then, at that point, a X-beam machine takes a video while you urine to see whether the liquid moves in reverse from the bladder to arrive at one or both kidneys. Kids might become disturbed during this test, so it very well may be finished with prescriptions that assist with keeping them quiet.
  • Radionuclide cystogram (RNC)- This cycle is like the voiding cystourethogram, aside from the differentiating color is a radioactive material that is identified by an atomic sweep.
  • Stomach ultrasound- Protected, easy solid waves skip off organs to make a picture of the whole urinary lot. This could be utilized to discover how your kidneys are getting along, including whether there are scars or different issues.
  • Urodynamics- This tests the bladder to perceive how well it's gathering, holding, and delivering urine. It's utilized to see whether issues in the bladder are essential for your VUR issue.
  • Blood test- This test searches for byproducts that are generally taken out from the blood by your kidneys. The blood test gives a thought of how your kidneys are getting along.
  • Urine test- This test for proteins or blood in your urine, which could demonstrate whether you have a UTI

Author Info

Paraskev Katsakori*
Department of Urology, University of Patras, Greece

Citation: Katsakori P (2021) A Short Note on Vesicoureteral Reflux. Med Surg Urol. 10:270.

Received: 08-Oct-2021 Accepted: 19-Oct-2021 Published: 26-Oct-2021

Copyright: © 2021 Katsakori P. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.