The field of science which makes an individual understands that how characters are transferred from parents to their children with the help of genes is called genetics. Genes are the parts of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) inside a living cell that simply instructs a cell that how to synthesize protein so that body can further do other functions. Each cell's DNA is the genetic "blueprint." Genes influence hereditary characteristics such as the color of hairs, the color of eyes, and height, which are passed down from parent to kid. They can also influence a person's proclivity to acquire certain diseases, such as cancer. In the development of cancer, changes in genes play a very important role that is also called a mutation. Mutations in genes can affect the cells and can change the instructions to make or not make proteins that directly affect the cell growth and divisions of cells.
Published Date: 2021-07-29; Received Date: 2021-07-07