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Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence

Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence
Open Access

ISSN: 2329-6488

Abstract

The Restriction of Hours of Sales and Liquors: Lima 2010-17: Traffic Accidents (TA) and other Violent Deaths

Malaga H, Palza G, Huánuco M, Ñañez J and Ronceros J

Objective: Determine the relationship between the hours of sale of spirits "Safe Time" and those killed by traffic accidents (TA).

Material and methods: descriptive research based on the monthly report made by the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima (LM), from the database of the Institute of Legal Medicine registered from 2011 to 2017, with a unit and bivariate analysis characterizing TA, deceased and its relationship with the time of occurrence, day of the week, sex and age, alcohol consumption and data from the National Police of Peru, on frequency of AT and age and sex of deceased.

Results: It is evident that there is a relationship between the variables, considering also that the growth of the vehicle fleet is parallel to the TA. Thus, the department of Lima has a frequency of cases and deaths lower than expected, showing that it is necessary to measure the occurrence by districts. 67% between 26 to 60 years and in the rest of the country 57%, with fewer young men dying. Temporary deaths decreased every day of the week and hours at dawn. The highest frequency of deaths is related to the number of hours spent selling liquor.

Conclusions: The decrease in deaths due to AT in LM is lower than in other countries, possibly due to the lack of commitment of some of the 43 municipalities; however, the change in age and sex after the intervention is like that in Cali. The "safe time" has evidence for its application throughout the country.

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