Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology

Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology
Open Access

ISSN: 2157-7048



Technology of Obtaining Composite Sorbents for Water Purification

Politaeva Natalia Anatolievna, Taranovskaya Elena Aleksandrovna, Slugin Vladimir Valentinovich and Prokhorov Vladislav Vladimirovich

The article describes the main applications of biopolymer chitosan, the most important of which are medicine and food industry. In recent times, many works devoted to the application of chitosan for wastewater treatment because it has a flocculation and sorption properties. The market price of chitosan is high, so it is proposed to create a granular composite sorption materials based on chitosan and waste of agricultural processing, which will reduce the cost and improve the sorption properties. As waste agricultural processing is proposed to use heattreated threshing of millet which has high sorption properties. The composites, where the binder is chitosan and the filler - heat-treated threshing millet with different content (10%; 20%; 30%; 40% of the total weight) were obtained. The adsorption isotherms of zinc ions on the composite adsorbent materials with different content of filler were constructed and the values of maximum sorption capacity were calculated. The mechanical properties (abrasion and grindability) of the obtained composite sorption materials were determined and it was shown that the best sorption characteristics of composite material with the addition of the filler for 30%. The technological scheme of production of composite materials of the heat-treated millet threshing and chitosan for wastewater treatment was developed. The microstructural study of the obtained materials showed that heat-treated additive threshing of millet increases. The economic indicators of production of composite sorption materials were calculated and the methods of disposal were examined.