The key systems integration concepts are described with respect to materials and energy flows in successive production units, process automation and supply chain life cycles incorporating also green process and clean technology considerations. The inclusion of environmental impacts monitoring and control as well as incorporation of pollution prevention and emissions abatement technologies to achieve green processing targets require increased levels of co-ordination, communication and functional integration of all the unit operation systems in these three principal domains; namely commercial products (including packaging), waste and emissions life cycles. Two contrasting industrial case study examples are introduced to demonstrate the application of the concepts developed and discussed above. Each case study example comprises a list of main practical indicators followed by a list of instructions for step wise design application based on the process flow sheets of specific industry applications. These case study examples are introduced also to demonstrate the “open-ended” nature of ideas development and creative solution provision necessitated by complex systems integration design challenges for large scale process applications. It is believed that the case studies built upon the gated process development model will also provide a useful experiential teaching and learning tool for chemical and biological engineers.
Published Date: 2021-10-11; Received Date: 2021-09-20