Synthetic biology (SB) is primarily an application-focused field attempting to develop and apply a systematic engineering approach to the design and construction of new biological systems and cells at the genetic level. It is a new area of biological research that integrates science and engineering with an aim to design and construct novel and useful biological systems which are not found in nature. SB comprises a broad expansion of the term biotechnology, with the ultimate goals of being able to design and build engineered biological systems that process information, manipulate chemicals, fabricate materials and structures, and maintain and enhance human health and our environment. SB has gained a lot of attention over the past several years due to its potential for scientific breakthroughs in public health and environment. It is a multidisciplinary effort of biologists, engineers, software developers, and others to collaborate on finding ways to understand how genetic parts work together, and combine them to produce useful applications and to design and build new biological organisms. The hot field of SB uses tools and concepts from physics, engineering and computer science to build new biological systems. Moreover, understanding of genomic sequencing and molecular biology has accelerated the work in recent years.