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Journal of Medical Diagnostic Methods

Journal of Medical Diagnostic Methods
Open Access

ISSN: 2168-9784

Abstract

Situation Analysis of Diabetic Patients at Primary Health Care Centre in Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia

Ali Mohammad AlMousa, Mohammed Nafy AlRuwaily, Faisal Rabia’a Al Ainzi, Abdullatif Abdul Aziz ALArifi, Habeeb Khalifah AlRadhi, Abdulla Abdul Jaleel Alkhalifa, Hassan Jawad AlSaad, Mohammed Zhafer AlQarni, Mansour Abdullah AlNaim, Abdulsattar Khan, Abdulrahman Ahmad Al Naim, Adel Nasser Al Bargi and Sayed Ibrahim Ali

The prevalence of diabetes for all age groups worldwide was estimated to be 2.8% in 2000 and 4.4% in 2030. The total number of people with diabetes is projected to rise from 171 million in 2000 to 366 million in 2030. The problem is that it has many complications that affect multiple systems. The complications can be prevented by strictly control of sugar level. We aimed to find out the rate of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus by doing a situation analysis of file records at primary health care centre in Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia. It was a cross-sectional study conducted during a mentorship in April to June 2013. We started our study by defining our objectives and development of protocol. After initial approval of our research question, we started to develop a spread sheet for collection of information from files available at primary health care centre. During our study, we included 104 files in total. Out of these, 65.4% were belonging to males while 34.6% files related to females. We fed data into SPSS version 22 and apply chi-square test for assessing significant difference at the level of 0.05. This data has showed that the mean of age of patients 58.521 ± 13.837, and the mean of their BMI is 30.732 ± 7.614. Uncontrolled diabetes means that the HbA1C is greater than 7% most of times and this can damage the heart, kidneys and nervous system. This study showed that most of the patients have high HbA1C value, High LDL-HDL ratio, and some of them have complications like retinopathy. Therefore, it seems the population have high rate of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. It is recommended that the family physicians and the patients to be aware about the diabetes and its sever complications.

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