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Journal of Horticulture

Journal of Horticulture
Open Access

ISSN: 2376-0354

Abstract

Salt Stress Genotypic Response: Wheat Cultivars Relative Tolerance of Certain to Salinity

Ravi Sharma

Forty two wheat (Triticumaestivum L) cultivars screened for their relative salt resistance raising seedlings in half-Hoagland solution (control) salinized with NaCl and maintained at 4, 8, 12 and 16 dsm-1 showed a wide range of salt resistance. The growth response to salinity, judged by the shoot and root lengths, ranged from a stimulation in the case of some cultivars at lower salinity levels (4 and 8 EC) to a severe suppression in most of the cultivars at higher levels (12 and 16 EC). It was further observed that the shoot growth was often suppressed more than the root growth with this a level of 12 EC also found to be critical for most of the cultivars except HD–2160 which showed good stand even at a salinity level of 16 EC. Based on these observations, cultivar IWP–72 of the 42 cultivars tested was found to have the maximum sensitivity to salt stress whereas cultivar HD–2160 showed highest salt tolerance. The remaining 40 cultivars fell between the two extremes and were categorized into salt–sensitive, moderately salt–tolerant and salt–tolerant groups exhibiting more than 60% , 40–60% and less than 40% reduction respectively in shoot length at 12 EC dsm-1 over control.

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