Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology

Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology
Open Access

ISSN: 2157-7048



Recovery of Glutaric Acid Using Tri-N-Butyl Phosphate: Effect of Diluents and Temperature

Kanti Kumar Athankar, Kailas L Wasewar, Mahesh N Varma and Diwakar Z Shende

Reactive separation of glutaric acid with tri-n-butyl phosphate in ethyl acetate and hexanol was studied to explain the effect of temperature on the extraction. Extraction was carried out at different temperature range of 308-338 K. The reactive extraction results were discussed in terms of overall distribution coefficients (KD), degree of extraction (?%), loading ratio (?), and equilibrium complexation constants (KE). The results showed that an increase in temperature reduced distribution coefficients and extraction efficiency for both diluent used in the organic phase. Moreover, thermodynamic function viz enthalpy (?H), entropy (?S) and Gibbs free energy (?G) were calculated. Reactive extraction of glutaric acid by tri-n-butyl phosphate resulted in negative values of enthalpy. Thus, the reactive extraction process is an exothermic reaction.