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Project of Investigation - Neurotransmitter | Abstract
Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access
Open Access

ISSN: 2167-0501

Abstract

Project of Investigation - Neurotransmitter

Jose Hernandez

The present work describes the importance of neurotransmitters for the proper functioning of the central nervous system because it is composed of highly differentiated cells since they receive sensory information and transform it into electrical impulses to share the information with other differentiated cells. The functional unit of the nervous system is the neuron because it is a nerve cell that has two main functions: The propagation of the action (PA) by means of a nerve signal transmitted through the axon, and its transmission to other neurons or to effector cells to induce a response. Driving an impulse through the axon is a physical phenomenon caused by the exchange of Na + and K + ions along the membrane. In contrast, the transmission of the impulse from one neuron to a different or to a non-neuronal effector cell depends on the action of specific neurotransmitters (NT) on also specific receptors. Neurotransmitters reflect the true importance for the organism and how it influences the proper functioning of the human body and the emotions that the brain makes us express, however, it is necessary to know each favorable or unfavorable aspect of each of them through the synthesis of most of these. However we will focus on the main neurotransmitters the limes are acetylcholine, dopamine, serotonin, amino acids (GABA), glycine, and norepinephrine because they protect the Central Nervous System from the serious pathological states that occur in the case of decreased production of said neurotransmitters. In many laboratories around the world, studies dedicated to reducing massive neuronal death are carried out to decrease the development of neurodegenerative diseases. Some of these serious disorders are Alzheimer

Published Date: 2020-09-30;