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Principal Component and Cluster Analyses of Palynodebris from Aj-X Well, Offshore Dahomey Basin and their Environmental Significance | Abstract
Journal of Geology & Geophysics

Journal of Geology & Geophysics
Open Access

ISSN: 2381-8719

+44 20 3868 9735

Abstract

Principal Component and Cluster Analyses of Palynodebris from Aj-X Well, Offshore Dahomey Basin and their Environmental Significance

Adebiyi Oluwatosin Adeniran

The palynofacies study carried out on offshore ditch cuttings from AJ-X well in Dahomey basin revealed different types of palynodebris. To assess the pattern of distribution of the palynofacies types, their abundances were submitted to Cluster analysis and Principal component analysis. The PCA diagram consists of four curves, PC1, PC2, PC3 and PC4 with a cumulative variance of 45.8% showing fluctuations in PC curves supporting the response of the palynodebris to changing environments. The cluster for the well revealed two super clusters based on the abundance and composition of the kerogen groups. These are informally designated as: super cluster X, which is subdivided into X1, X2 and X3, and super cluster Y, subdivided into Y1 and Y2. X1 is composed mostly of phytoclasts and a moderate abundance of the AOM group (Phy/AOM); X2 of high abundances of phytoclasts combined with moderate to high abundances of palynomorphs (Phy/Pal); and X3 is composed of very high abundances of phytoclasts (Phy). The high abundances of the AOM group occur in super cluster Y. Y1 is characterized by very high abundances of the AOM group. In Y2 this group occurs with phytoclasts and, in particular with the palynomorph group (AOM/Pal). The major break that occurred between clusters X and Y is strongly related to the abundance of the phytoclasts group. The size, shape and texture of all the components were integrated with sedimentological features and palynomorphs to recognize distal suboxic-anoxic shallow neritic shelf environment.

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