Maurice Steve Utap*, Dalyana Hamid, Norita Yasmin Asrani, Noorul Amilin Sulaiman, Shazimah Abdul Rahman, Rudy Ngau Ajeng, Gerard Loh and Sammy Lee
Background: In Malaysia, the prevalence of current adult alcohol drinker was 8.4%. However, there is no known published data on the prevalence of alcohol consumption and alcohol use disorder among adult outpatient attendees in primary care clinic in Miri Sarawak, East Malaysia. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of alcohol consumption and alcohol use disorder and its associated factors among adult outpatient attendees in urban primary care clinics in Miri Sarawak, Malaysia.
Methods: We conducteda cross sectional study in two urban primary care clinics in Miriusing simple random sampling method. The validated AUDIT-10 questionnaire was used to determine alcohol consumption, hazardous, dependence and harmful use.
Results: 404 subjects were selected into the study.46.3% were current alcohol drinkers,90.1% were low risk drinker,9.2% were hazardous drinker and 0.7% were harmful drinker. There was a statistically significant association between alcohol consumption and male, Iban ethnicity, Christianity, Buddhism and secondary school level. Hazardous and harmful drinking were significantly associated with male and Iban.
Conclusions: There is high prevalence of alcohol consumption but low prevalence of alcohol use disorder among adult outpatient attendees in the urban primary care clinics in Miri.Increase public awareness of existing policies and alcohol intervention programmed in the primary care clinic, residential areas particularly the Iban long houses, secondary schools and place of worship against hazardous drinking and alcohol use disorder is recommended.
Published Date: 2020-12-03; Received Date: 2020-11-22