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Photocatalytical Treatment of Synthetic Wastewater Containing Chlorophenols by TiO2 Nanoparticles Sensitized with Cobalt Phthalocyanine Under Visible Light | Abstract
Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology

Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology
Open Access

ISSN: 2157-7048

Abstract

Photocatalytical Treatment of Synthetic Wastewater Containing Chlorophenols by TiO2 Nanoparticles Sensitized with Cobalt Phthalocyanine Under Visible Light

Azadeh Ebrahimain Pirbazari

In this paper, sensitization TiO2 nanoparticles with sulphonated cobalt phthalocyanine(CoPcS-TNP) has been reported. The prepared samples characterized by different analysis such as: XRD, FT-IR, EDX, nitrogen physisorption, TG and TEM techniques. The XRD, TEM and nitrogen physisorption results showed the prepared samples containing only the pure anatase phase with crystal sizes in the range of 7-10 nm and high surface areas of 133-280 m2/g. The presence of CoPcS in photocatalysts confirmed by FT-IR and EDX analysis. The CoPcS-TNP samples showed efficient activity for photocatalytic degradation of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) and 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) under visible light. The sample CoPcS-TNP (2.24) was the best photocatalyst for degradation of chlorophenols under visible light. The degradation reactions follow first-order kinetics. Reusing experiments of the photocatalyst showed a reduction activity from 95% to 60% for chlorophenols degradation after four cycles. The major intermediates of degradation were oxalic acid, pyruvic acid and malonic acid which identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS).