Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0940

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Pentafurcation of the Celiac Trunk

K. Krishna Chaitanya, HR. Sharada and D. Suseelamma

“Variability is the law of life” Sir William Osler – Father of modern medicine. The aim is to illustrate the variation in the branching pattern of the celiac trunk. The study was conducted in the Department of Anatomy, Kamineni Institute of medical sciences Narketpally, Nalgonda Dt. Andhra Pradesh, India. A case of unusual origin of Inferior phrenic arteries from the celiac trunk in addition to its usual left gastric, splenic and common hepatic arteries were recorded. The pattern of the branching of the celiac trunk was observed to vary from classical trifurcation to an abnormal pentafurcation.
This type of rare variation has significant importance in surgical and radiological procedures. Knowledge of variations of the celiac trunk is important as to do an appropriate vascular ligation and anastomosis.