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Occupational Health and Safety Evaluation of Brick Kiln and Construction Concrete Block (BK and CCB) Plant and Proposed Control Measures: A Case Study of BK and CCB Factory Pakistan | Abstract
Journal of Ergonomics

Journal of Ergonomics
Open Access

ISSN: 2165-7556

Abstract

Occupational Health and Safety Evaluation of Brick Kiln and Construction Concrete Block (BK and CCB) Plant and Proposed Control Measures: A Case Study of BK and CCB Factory Pakistan

Zafar ullah, Shahid Masood, Hanif Ullah, Fakher e Alam

Brick Kiln and Construction Concrete Block (BK and CCB) factories play a pivotal and dynamic role in infrastructure development in Pakistan. Currently, there are more than 1.3 million workers associated with BK and CCB. It is also linked with few occupational health and safety impacts which may lead to health hazards when ignored. Work in BK and CCB factories is associated with a high risk for musculoskeletal disorders and everlasting diseases as well. Within the study about symptomatic evaluation was conducted to decide the magnitude and sorts of serious injuries and distress among the BK and CCB factory workers and recognized the foremost problematical area related exercises and work variables that might have included the rate of these complaints. The study's goals were to pinpointing the key hazards in the BK and CCB factories and provide advice for management to reduce the risk associated and to maintain the health and safety of the employees. For analysis 300 workers from 22 Brick Kiln and 25 Concrete Block factories in District Karak and Bannu remote district of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa were taken. In total 16 of the workers does not respond and 224 participant were found complaining of discomfort and in range of pain, they suffer due to several reasons. The highest level of pain found is eye swell due to BK and CCB dust which is 40.32 percent followed by throat irritation 20.16 percent. Similarly, 22.40 percent discomfort complain is recorded in a moderate level of foot finger followed by 20.16 percent in the lower back. And finally, the highest severe pain was recorded in eye swell which is 17.92 percent followed by a foot finger of 17.92 percent. In the last, an assessment report with control measures was handover to the management for improvement.

Published Date: 2021-01-11; Received Date: 2020-12-21

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