International Journal of Advancements in Technology

International Journal of Advancements in Technology
Open Access

ISSN: 0976-4860


Numerical Study on condensation Process of Steam Flow in Nozzles

Farag MS, El-Terhy AA, El-Askary WA and Hegazy AS

Steam ejector is an important component in engineering applications, which require high vacuum, such as steam plant condenser. Prediction of steam ejector performance is very significant tool for the design of the ejector. The steam ejector consists of three parts; nozzle, mixing chamber and diffuser. The nozzle has the task of creating the vacuum required. In the current paper numerical treatment of wet steam flow through the nozzle of an ejector is presented. The first task of this work is to test and evaluate several turbulence models on a generic case, constructed for turbulent steam flow in a convergent-divergent nozzle. The effect of pressure ratios, that is responsible for controlling the location or absence of the generated shock wave as well as the impact of the shock wave on the condensation of steam inside the nozzle are numerically concerned. These features are clearly observed from the pressure distribution, Mach number, liquid mass fraction, droplet nucleation rate, droplet critical radius and static temperature. It is concluded from the current work that the standard k-ω model is the most appropriate turbulence model for simulating this complex flow compared to the other considered models for nozzle steam flow sumulation.