The emergence and formation of a neutral government in Iran is considered to be among the challenging issues in the field of foreign policy and international relations. This is despite the fact that the creation of a neutral government in the current environment is impossible with regard to the main components of these governments, since neutral governments are governments that are not in a sensitive and strategic position, and all of these governments have deep deficiencies that ignore controversy in international conflicts and foreign policy seeking for relative immunity. Although in the Third World, most governments are weak, they cannot declare neutrality due to some issues such as ideological sovereignty and the relation of sovereignty. On the other hand, Iran, in addition to the two, is a regional superpower and economic and military power. Therefore, the formation of a neutral government in Iran is impossible and very far from the current situation.