Responsible for the conversion of L-tyrosine to p-coumaric acid in Flavobacterium johnsoniae, FjTAL has drawn the attention of many biochemical engineers who wish to carry out a sustainable biosynthetic scheme for the production of aromatic compounds. In this study, with the aid of various computational tools, the secondary and tertiary structures of FjTAL have been predicted. The results suggest that FjTAL forms a homo-tetramer when active as a cytosolic enzyme and it is mostly consisted of alpha helices. With the aid of molecular docking, one can hypothesize that FjTAL is likely to bind to L-tyrosine, p-coumaric acid, and caffeic acid with a similar molecular mechanism and thus, p-coumaric acid and caffeic acid may exhibit a negative feedback response toward the enzyme and inhibit its activity competitively. Two distinct binding pockets have been discovered, one of which contains highly conserved residues among several species. The residues which form the prosthetic group 3, 5-dihydro-5-methylidene-4H-imidazol-4-one (MIO) also emerge in the evolutionary conserved binding pocket. The other discovered cavity could either be a second binding site for the ligands or simply an artifact of the molecular docking task.
Published Date: 2022-04-26; Received Date: 2022-03-24