Lingyun Pan1,2, Yu Lin1, Jianhui Zhu1, Jie Zhang1, Zhijing Tan1, David M. Lubman1*
Glycopeptide analysis by mass spectrometry may provide an important opportunity in discovery of biomarkers to aid in early detection of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). In this work, we have used a NanoLC-Stepped-HCD-DDA-MS/MS platform and a NanoLC-Stepped-HCD-PRM-MS platform for large-scale screening and quantification of novel N-glycopeptide biomarkers for early detection of AD in patient serum. N-glycopeptides were retrieved from 10 μL of serum in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI, a prodromal phase of AD) and normal controls, respectively, after trypsin digestion, glycopeptide enrichment, fractionation, and NanoLC-Stepped-HCD-DDA-MS/MS or NanoLC-Stepped-HCD-PRM-MS analysis. Using a combination of Byonic, Byologic and Skyline softwares, we were able to accomplish both identification and label-free quantitation of site-specific N-glycopeptides between MCI and normal controls.
Differential quantitation analysis by Byologic showed that 29 N-glycopeptides derived from 16 glycoproteins were significantly changed in MCI compared to normal controls. Further, HCD-PRM-MS quantitative analysis of the selected N-glycopeptide candidates confirmed that EHEGAIYPDN138TTDFQR_HexNAc(4)Hex(5)-Fuc(2)NeuAc(1) from CERU, and VCQDCPLLAPLN156DTR_HexNAc(4)Hex(5)NeuAc(2) from AHSG can significantly discriminate MCI from normal controls. These two glycopeptides had the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.850 (95% CI, 0.66-1.0) and 0.867 (95% CI, 0.68-1.0), respectively (p<0.05). The result demonstrates that changes in the expression level of the N-glycopeptides provide potential serum biomarkers for detection of AD at a very early stage.
Published Date: 2022-06-27; Received Date: 2022-05-25