Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine

Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine
Open Access

ISSN: 2379-1764


Investigation of Gluthatione S-Transferase Variants in a Healthy Population in Goiânia-Go

Lucas Carlos Gomes Pereira, Nádia Aparecida Bérgamo, Angela Adamski da Silva Reis, Carlos Eduardo Anunciação and Elisangela de Paula Silveira-Lacerda

Genetic polymorphisms in glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) genes might influence the detoxification activities of the enzymes predisposing individuals to a lot of disiases. Owing to the presence of these genetic variants, inter-individual and ethnic differences in GSTs detoxification capacity have been observed in various populations. Therefore, the present study was performed to determine the prevalence GSTM1*0/*0, GSTT1*0/*0 and GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphisms in 100 healthy individuals from Goiânia - GO. GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms were analyzed by a Multiplex-PCR approach, whereas GSTP1 polymorphisms were examined by PCR-RFLP. The frequencies of GSTM1 and GSTT1 *0/*0 genotypes are 49% and 31%, respectively. The frequencies of GSTP1 Ile/Ile, Ile/Val and Val/Val genotypes were 40%, 53% and 7%, respectively. The wild-type (Ile) and variant (Val) allele frequencies were 66.5% and 33.5%, respectively. The combined genotypes distribution of GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms showed 12 possible genotypes present in our population; seven of them have a frequency greater than 5%. The effect of combined genotypes of these GSTs polymorphisms is still unknown. These findings in healthy population, give us such more information for the future epidemiological and clinical studies. Using to examine the effect of these combinations in drugs metabolism and cancer predisposition, further largest group would be needed, since their frequencies are quite low. To our of GSTs polymorphisms, this is the first study indicating the frequencies of genetic polymorphisms of GST superfamily in a health population in a Goiania population.