Journal of Geology & Geophysics

Journal of Geology & Geophysics
Open Access

ISSN: 2381-8719

+44 1478 350008


Integrated Seismic Interpretation, 2D Modeling along with Petrophysical and Seismic Attribute Analysis to Decipher the Hydrocarbon Potential of Missakeswal Area, Pakistan

Ayesha Abbas, Hongtao Zhu, Aqsa Anees, Umar Ashraf and Nosheen Akhtar

Missakeswal is an important hydrocarbon field, lying on active foreland fold and thrust belt of Himalayan orogeny in Potwar plateau. Integrated study of 2D seismic data (SEG-Y, Navigation and seismic velocities) and well logs helps us to delineate the potential reservoir rock of the area. Seismic interpretation based on stratigraphic studies and well tops, aids to mark four reflectors; Chorgali, Sakesar, Lockhart and Basement. Time sections are converted to depth section using velocity analysis system to delineate subsurface structure. Besides this, fault-bounded anticlines and crustal shortening analysis of the depth sections, revealed that folding in the sedimentary successions pre-date reverse faulting and regime of the Potwar basin, is suitable for hydrocarbon accumulation. 2D modeling of the interpreted seismic sections confirms reverse faulting in the sedimentary successions and normal faulting in the basement. Moreover, Seismic Attributes Analysis has carried out which helps in understanding the lateral continuity, bedding sequences and thickness of desired beds highlighted the petroleum system and affirmed the interpretation. The identified structural variations would help in the understanding of the regional tectonic settings, besides this, reservoir character in terms of lateral thickness variation, fault offsets and lithological dissimilarities are achieved. It also reveals that carbonate successions of the Sakesar and Chorgali formations acted as potential reservoirs in Missakeswal area.