Gynecology & Obstetrics

Gynecology & Obstetrics
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0932


Epidemiological Aspects and Prognosis of Severe Pre-eclampsia in Bangui, Central African Republic

Norbert Richard Ngbale, Christelle Edith Gaunetfet, Alida Koirokpi, Simeon Matoulou, Gertrude Kogboma-Gongo, Kelly Mbano-Dede, Abdoulaye Sepou and Alexandre Manirakiza

Introduction: Severe preeclampsia is one of the most serious pathologies during pregnancy, with heavy morbidity and maternal-fetal mortality. The aim of our study was to help improve the management of severe preeclampsia.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analytical study from 1st September 2015 to 30th August 2016, at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of the Hôpital communautaire of Bangui. The study population was pregnant and parturient patients with severe pre-eclampsia.
Results: Out of 4021 registered cases, 41 met the inclusion criteria, with a prevalence of 1.0%. The primiparous were the most represented (48.8%). Magnesium sulfate was the most used as an anticonvulsant (70.7%) and dihydralazine was the most used for the High Blood Pressure (HBP). The main complications of pre-eclampsia were eclampsia (29.3%) and acute renal failure (19.5%). Overall, maternal mortality was 9.8% and perinatal mortality was 31.7%.
Conclusion: The complications of severe preeclampsia are common in our study. The maternal and fetal prognosis remains a concern. Hence, we suggest early screening of pre-eclampsia symptoms during prenatal consultations to improve pregnancy outcome.