Introduction: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is ranked amongst the top three most diagnosed cancers in humans worldwide. Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer in South Africa and the sixth most common cause of death. If diagnosed during the early stages, the 5year relative survival rate can be as high as 90%. However, in most cases, the diagnosis is only made at a later stage when the cancer has metastasized, as the detection depends on the symptoms and non-specific screening. Many attempts have been made to achieve an early detected of CRC. Aim: To induce CRC in rats to investigate the use of targeted gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as a diagnostic tool for CRC. Methods: Ten Wistar rats were injected with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH), 25 ?g/Kg bodyweight once per week, for 5 consecutive weeks to induce CRC. This was followed by an incubation period of 22 weeks. At the end of the incubation period, AuNPs were synthesized using Turkevich???s citrate reduction method, and conjugated with peptide p.L. The rats were then injected intraperitoneally with p.L-PEG-AuNPs to detect CRC. Six rats were kept as controls and did not receive any treatment.
Published Date: 2020-09-30;