Current Synthetic and Systems Biology

Current Synthetic and Systems Biology
Open Access

ISSN: 2332-0737


Double Cross Electron Transfer from [2Fe-2S] Cluster to Heme f (or c1) in the Low Amplitude Cyclic Swelling-Shrinkage

Kasumov EA

Energy transformation is a fundamental process needed for existence and activity of living organisms. ATP is a major chemical energy - containing intermediate, which release energy upon hydrolysis. Most of ATPs are synthesized by ATP synthases (FOF1-ATPases) in energy-transforming membranes of mitochondria, chloroplasts and bacteria. In redox reactions, during respiration and photosynthesis, a vectorial transfer of charges occurs from the (electron) donor side to the (electron) acceptor side, along an electron transport chain (ETC).