Adrenocortical carcinoma, also known as Adrenal Cortical Carcinoma (ACC), is a rare disease in which malignant cancer cells form in the adrenal cortex, which is the outer layer of the adrenal glands. There are two adrenal glands (also known as suprarenal gland) and they are found above the kidneys . The outer part of each gland is the adrenal cortex and makes important hormones that help keeps blood pressure normal, balance the water and salt in the body, cause the body to have masculine or feminine characteristics and also help control the body’s use of fat, protein and carbohydrates . The inner part is the adrenal medulla and makes the hormones that help the body reacts to stress. There are two types of adrenal cortical carcinomas i.e. functioning tumors and nonfunctioning tumors. Functioning tumors make more hormones i.e. cortisol, testosterone, and aldosterone than normal.
Published Date: 2021-01-25; Received Date: 2021-01-12