Background: Contraception is a technique to prevent a conception; its usage is a central element of quality care in the provision of family planning services and an important dimension of women’s reproductive rights. Barriers to use contraceptive is the factor that increase the likely hood of adverse mothers’ sexual and reproductive health consequence such as unwanted pregnancy or poorly timed pregnancy, unsafe abortion, maternal death and others. The objective of this study was to determine the barriers of contraceptive use among child bearing women living in Ambo town, West Shewa zone, Oromia Regional state, Ethiopia.
Methodology: The study was conducted in Ambo town from February to March, 2015 G.C. Cross sectional study design was used& Participants were selected using systematic random sampling method. Data was collected by using structured questionnaires through face to face interviews & coded, entered and analyzed using EPI- INFO Version 3.5.1. The analyzed data was presented by using tables and graphs.
Result: Forty percent of the respondents were using at least one contraceptive methods; injectable (58.8%) was the most used ones. Fear of side effect (25.8%) and desire to have a children were the most mentioned barrier for non-use. Multiple logistic regression model revealed that Educational status of mother (AOR 7.3, 95% CI: 3.22-16.6), and husband educational status (AOR 4.9, 95% CI: 1.4-16.9), religious influence (AOR 9.15, 95% CI: 1.75-46.9) and marital status (AOR: 1.95, 95% CI: 1.12-3.42) were positively associated with the use of contraceptives.
Conclusion and recommendation: Contraceptive use rate was low. Therefore, the community should be encouraged to continue and use contraceptive so as to space family size and also leaders of religions to be involved in the education of the community to use contraceptive.