Journal of Geology & Geophysics

Journal of Geology & Geophysics
Open Access

ISSN: 2381-8719

+44 1478 350008


Application of Geophysics in Post Foundation Study: A Case Study of the Faculty of Social Science Building, Phase I, Federal University, Oye-Ekiti, Southwestern, Nigeria

Aroyehun M Tope and Akintorinwa O James

Post foundation study of the causes of distress on the Faculty of Social Science building, Phase I, Federal University, Oye-Ekiti was carried out using geophysical approach. The geophysical methods used were the magnetic and electrical resistivity. The magnetic measurements were taking at an interval of 5 m along the established three traverses. The magnetic data were presented as profiles and interpreted using Euler deconvolution software. The Vertical Electrical Sounding data were quantitatively interpreted using partial curve matching technique and 1-D forward modelling with Win Resist software. The dipole-dipole data were inverted using DIPPROTM software. The magnetic profiles delineated two subsurface layers; the overburden and the Basement bedrock. Series of geological linear structures were delineated by the ground magnetic. The VES results reveal three subsurface geoelectric layers. These include; the topsoil with resistivity ranging from 20-290 Ωm and thickness ranging from 0.4-2.5 m; the weathered layer with resistivity ranging from 2.6-122Ωm and thickness ranging from 0.9-23 m; and the Basement bedrock with resistivity ranging from 83-∞Ωm. The low resistivity values of the Basement bedrock in places indicate an intense fractured basement rock. The 2-D resistivity structure also delineated three geoelectric sequences; the topsoil, the weathered layer and the Basement rock which correlate with the geoelectric sections. Geological linear features were also delineated by the 2-D resistivity imaging which was correlated with the magnetic results. The depth on which the foundation of the investigated building was hosted is not known but it is suspected to have been hosted within the weathered layer. This layer predominantly composed of clayey formation which are of high swelling potential and may be subjected to subsidence under heavy load. The causes of distress on the investigated building may have being precipitated by the clayed nature of the layer where the structure is founded and the presence of linear structure suspected to be fractured or fault within the basement.