Cardiovascular Complication during Maintenance Dialysis and after Kidney Transplantation
Upcoming Special Issue
Title: Cardiovascular Complication during Maintenance Dialysis and after Kidney Transplantation
Handling Editor: Beata Naumnik
Head of Department of Nephrology and Transplantation, University of Bialystok, Poland
We are going to release Special Issue so authors are invited to particpate in this Special Issue and the title is "Cardiovascular Complication during Maintenance Dialysis and after Kidney Transplantation"
Submissions accepted upto: November 15, 2018
We are going to release this Special Issue in December, 2018
Renal transplantation is the treatment of choice for a minority of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Most adult patients with ESRD are never referred for evaluation for transplantation, and have a 70% 5-year mortality on dialysis. Marked improvements in early graft survival and long-term graft function have made kidney transplantation a more cost-effective alternative to dialysis. In the United States, over 375,000 kidney transplants have been performed, and in 2012, 191,400 patients were alive and with a functioning transplanted kidney; currently, more than 101,000 patients are waiting for kidney transplants. Before the advent of immunosuppression, renal transplantation was limited to identical twins and was not applicable to the vast majority of patients with ESRD. The introduction of combined azathioprine-steroid therapy in 1963 produced encouraging results and became the mainstay of immunosuppression. Although this therapy improved the results of transplantation, acute rejection and complications associated with steroid therapy persisted.