Tropical fish medicine is used to treat tropical fish diseases. Tropical fish diseases can be caused by bacteria, fungus or by parasites. Commonly seen tropical fish diseases are Septicemia, Cotton Disease, Dropsy, Fin Rot, Ich, Swim bladder Infection, Pop Eye, Hole in the Head etc. Tropical fish medicine includes Antibiotics, Anti-fungals, Anti-parasitics.
The commonly used tropical fish medicines are Kanamycin Sulfate, Neomycin Sulfate, Pimafix, Melafix, Contrast, Fungistop, Waterlife Cuprazin, Waterlife Myxazin, Waterlife Protozin, Waterlife Sterazin. Parasitic infections can be treated by raising the tank temperature. Most tropical fish can easily handle high temperatures. Bacteria that are most commonly affecting fishes are Mycobacterium (TB), Streptococcus, Pseudonocardio, Staphylococcus, Cyanobacteria, Nitrifying bacteria.