Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati University, India
Keynote: J Nutr Disorders Ther
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a group of heterogeneous and interrelated diseases which include coronary heart disease, ischemic heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, atherosclerosis, hypertension and heart failure. These diseases are interrelated and often coexist. CVD remains the number one killer of both men and women in many countries across the world including India. Myocardial infarction or ischemia in one or more of the coronary arteries with tissue damage is the main form of heart disease responsible for CVD deaths. Atherosclerosis is the chronic, local inflammatory response to risk factors such as high levels of low density lipoprotein cholesterol. The other major risk factors include hypertension, age, diabetes mellitus, micro albuminuria, family history of premature CVD, elevated triglyceride levels, low HDL levels, inflammatory markers, fibrinogen, C-reactive protein, elevated levels of Homocystiene and Lipoprotein a, tobacco, stress, faulty diet, insufficient sleep, obesity, physical inactivity, hypertension and metabolic syndrome (frequently seen in Indians). Therapeutic life style changes, medical interventions and nutritional management can prove to be the cornerstone both in the prevention and treatment of CVD. Education and awareness in this regard is the need of the hour to save millions of people around the world from dying from this disease which is the world’s number one killer disease of the 21st century.
Ritu Mathur has been teaching Nutrition in the Department of Food Science and Nutrition at the MDS University, Ajmer since the last 23 years. She did her Ph.D. from University of Rajasthan, Jaipur with scholarship (Junior and Senior research Fellowship) from the University Grants Commission, New Delhi. She secured first position and Gold Medal both at the B.Sc. and M.Sc. level. She has participated in various National and International Conferences and seminars, presented papers and chaired scientific sessions, won several best paper awards, published more than 25 research papers in indexed and reputed National and International journals with a very good Google scholar citation, i-10 and h - index.