Alireza Farsi and Sahar Mohammadzadeh
Shahid Beheshti University, Iran
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Aging Sci
Statement of the Problem: Aging is frequently accompanied by decline in aspects of cognitive functioning and physical performance. Falls are a major source of injury and mobility: 20%-30% of older persons who fall suffer moderate to severe of life. Daily activities may be restricted due to the fear of falls resulting in functional loss, which may further increase the risk of falls. As a result, activities gradually decrease, leading to a deterioration in the quality of life and mental well-being of elderly persons. s. Since age-related deficits of gait might be partly compensated by special interventions, the purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of 6 weeks balance training on selected kinematic features of waking in elderly women. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: 20 elderly women 67.72± 4.4 age randomly participated control and experiment groups. Subjects in each group took part in a walking test in a pre-test session followed by a post-test after 6 weeks. During this period, subjects in the experiment group did the balance training systematically for 3 sessions in a week, overall were trained for 18 sessions balance training until engage somatosensory, visual, vestibular systems such as (jumping out of the hole, gait by 8, crossing obstacle, walking with heel). Kinematic features of the walking such as length and width of the step, and walking speed were collected and analyzed with the Cortex software. Findings: The results of this study showed that balance training during 6 weeks increased some of the Kinematic features like length step 11.33% (p=0.01), and walking speed 18% (p=0.04) significantly in elderly women of the experiment group. Conclusion & Significance: Results of the current study confirmed the effect of balance exercises for 6 weeks in increscent of length of step and walking speed in elderly women. This exercise program has improved the general pattern of walking in elderly women.