Scientific Tracks Abstracts: Brain Disord Ther
Background: Neutrophil Gelatinase-associated Lipocalin (NGAL), known as a 25 kDa protein released by neutrophils, is
recognized as a marker of renal injury. Its potential role in cardiovascular pathologies is currently under intensive investigation.
The aim of our study was to investigate clinical relevance and possible pathophysiological mechanisms of NGAL in carotid
Methods: Atherosclerotic tissue and peripheral venous blood were collected from 150 patients undergoing carotid
endarterectomies and correlated with clinical data, laboratory values and ultrasound findings. NGAL mRNA expression in
atherosclerotic tissue was analyzed by PCR. Additionally, NGAL expression and response to NGAL were studies in cell types
important for atherogenesis, namely macrophages, endothelial cells, and smooth muscle cells in vitro. NGAL levels were
measured in peripheral blood of patients and in cell supernatants by specific ELISA.
Results: NGAL levels were significantly elevated in patients with vulnerable plaques compared to those with calcified
plaques presumably by stimulation of various inflammatory cytokines. NGAL mRNA expression was higher in patients with
symptomatic carotid stenosis compared to asymptomatic patients (71% as compared to 31%). Pro-inflammatory cytokines
interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 were upregulated by NGAL in human monocytederived
macrophages (MDM), human coronary artery smooth muscle cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells
(HUVEC). Moreover, treatment of MDM and HUVEC with tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a), Il-1b, oncostatin M (OSM), and
IL-33 increased NGAL production in vitro.
Conclusion: NGAL is significantly elevated in vulnerable plaques especially in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis.
Ihor Huk is the Director of Vascular Laboratory and Clinical Professor of Surgery, Director of Vascular Laboratory Dept. of Surgery, MUV Medical School. He
completed his Post-graduate education from University of Chicago, Heidelberg Special Training: American Society in Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition transplant
surgery. Since 1984 he performed more than 550 kidney, liver transplantation Vascular Surgery: Clinical, experimental Research (SPACE-Study), (L-arginine
study). He is a member of Austrian Society of Surgery Austrian Society of Angiology Austrian Society of Vascular Surgery Ukrainian Academy of High Education
Ukrainian Academy of Sciences and Senate -Zaporizhzhia Medical Postgraduate Academy Honoris causa.