Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology

Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9597


Malaria and intestinal parasites in pregnant woman at Abobo district (Abidjan, Cote d Ivoire)

3rd World Conference on Parasitology & Pathogenesis

July 12-13, 2017 Chicago, USA

Gaoussou Coulibaly, Kouassi Patrick Yao, Mathurin Koffi, Bernardin Ahouty and Eliezer Kouakou N'Goran

University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Côte d’Ivoire
University Jean Lorougnon Guéde, Côte d’Ivoire

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Bacteriol Parasitol

Abstract :

A prospective study was carried out from 2010 to 2012 at the Hôpital Général d’Abobo (HGA) in Abidjan, in order to determine the impact of infectious and parasitic diseases on child cognitive development. Blood samples were examined by means of thick drop and blood smear; as for stool by direct examination and concentration by formalin-ether method. We evaluated the prevalence, the parasite load of malaria and gastrointestinal parasites; then we investigated the risk factors for these disorders. Overall, 331 pregnant women in the last trimester of their pregnancy were enrolled. The plasmodic index was 3.9% with infestation specific rates of P. falciparum from 100%. Concerning digestive protozoa, it has been observed 71.3% of nonpathogenic, against 9.7% of pathogens, either an overall prevalence of 51.4% of digestive parasites. The calculated average parasitic loads revealed 3089.2 tpz/μl of blood (95% CI: 591.1-5587.3) for malaria, 6.5 eggs per gram of stool (95% CI: 0.4-13.4) for intestinal helminths and one parasite by microscopic field for protozoa (common infestation). It has been shown that the occurrence of malaria has been linked to the nonuse of impregnated mosquito nets (x2=0.012; p=0.018), not to age. No link could be established between the presence of digestive parasites and the age of pregnant women or socioeconomic conditions (level of education, profession, type of toilet). Malaria is less common in pregnant women while the rate of digestive parasites remains high.

Biography :

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