Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology
Open Access

ISSN: 2157-7463

+44 7480022449

Coffee and cocoa seed husk biomass as alternative for achieving a sustainable development in the eastern region of Cuba

7th World Congress on Petrochemistry and Chemical Engineering

November 13-14, 2017 Atlanta, USA

Monica Hernandez Rodriguez, Jan Yperman, Robert Carleer, Jose Falcon Hernandez, Alexis Otero Calvis and Lorelis Milan Luperon

ISMM, Cuba
University of Hasselt, Belgium
Universidad de Oriente, Cuba

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Pet Environ Biotechnol

Abstract :

Cuba economy is growing. The economic agricultural policy pretends to triplicate the crops of coffee and cocoa for 2020, meaning an increase in waste biomass and the need for finding a proper use for the waste disposal. The eastern region of Cuba concentrates the 92% of coffee crops and almost 100% of cocoa, most of them in mountains and isolated regions were the use of coal from woody biomass is a very usual cooking technique. Also in this region is located the bigger metallurgic enterprises for the production of Ni and Co as sulphur, sinter and dust, process with a great incidence in the environment and consumption of a high quantity of fossil fuels. The present works evaluate the use of products (activated carbon, char, gas and oil) from pyrolysis-activation process of coffee and cocoa seed husk as a friendly and renewable energy source for achieving a sustainable development in the eastern region of Cuba throughout the use of clean energy, co-generation, and treatment of liquor wastes, soil amendment and reducing greenhouse effect. The energetic potential of coffee and cocoa is 784 946 MWh equivalent to 67 493 toe. The use of this waste biomass will uphold clean environment, decreasing the greenhouse effect and will aid as added income to farmers in rural populations.