Natural Products Chemistry & Research

Natural Products Chemistry & Research
Open Access

ISSN: 2329-6836

+32 25889658

Vattekkatte A

Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Beutenberg Campus, Hans-Knöll-Strasse 8, D-07745 Jena, Germany

  • Review Article   
    Biosynthetic Origin of Complex Terpenoid Mixtures by Multiproduct Enzymes, Metal Cofactors, and Substrate Isomers
    Author(s): Vattekkatte A and Boland W*

    Terpenoids form a substantial portion of chemical diversity in nature. The enormous terpenoid diversity of more than 80,000 compounds is supported by the multisubstrate and multiproduct nature of certain enzymes from the various terpene synthases and terpene cyclases. These highly versatile enzymes are not only able to accept multiple substrates in their active site, but also simultaneously catalyze multiple reactions to the resultant multiple products. Interestingly, apart from the substrates and catalytic mechanisms, multiple regulation factors are able to alter the product profile of multiproduct terpene synthases. Simple variations in cellular conditions by changes in metal cofactors, assay pH, temperature and substrate geometry lead to significant shifts in product profiles. Switch in substrate stereochemistry for multiproduct terpene synthases in some case shows enhanced biocata.. Read More»

    Abstract HTML PDF