Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology
Open Access

ISSN: 2157-7463


Chandrashekhar P. Joshi

Chandrashekhar P. Joshi
School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science,
Houghton, MI 49931

  • Review Article
    New Avenues of Bioenergy Production from Plants: Green Alternatives to Petroleum
    Author(s): Chandrashekhar P. Joshi and Akula NookarajuChandrashekhar P. Joshi and Akula Nookaraju

    Depleting fossil fuel reserves and growing demand for energy have necessitated the renewed search for alternative energy resources such as plants and algae. The first generation biofuels were produced from starch and sugars (bioethanol) and from seed oils (biodiesel). These, however, soon became negatively associated with issues such as competition with food supply, significant land-use changes and many other ethical issues. The production of second generation biofuels from lignocellulosic materials from grasses and trees requires high-input technologies involving extensive pre-treatments and expensive cellulolytic enzymes, adding to the high costs of second generation bioethanol. Recently, third generation biofuels derived from microalgae have attracted the attention of plant biologists and industrialists due to fast growth rate, high CO2 fixation ability and high production capacity.. Read More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2157-7463.1000134

    Abstract PDF

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