Update on Non-immediate Drug Allergy Reactions: State and New Aspects | Abstract
Journal of Dermatitis

Journal of Dermatitis
Open Access

ISSN: 2684-1436



Update on Non-immediate Drug Allergy Reactions: State and New Aspects

Enrique Gomez* and Natalia Blanca-Lopez

Purpose of the review: Among the Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR), around 10-15% are driven by an immunological mechanism and considered as allergic drug reactions. Within the Type IV of drug allergic reactions and in accordance with Gell and Coombs classification, the non-immediate drug hypersensitivity reactions (NI-DHR) relates to the most complex group of drug allergy, being cellular mediated responses and appearing from 1 hour to several weeks after drug/metabolites exposure. Current diagnosis protocols are limited and there is an unmet need to identify a diagnostic approach that mimic the pathological response and enhance the possibilities for a more accurate and realistic diagnosis.

Recent findings: Changes in gene patterns induced during the acute phase of the NI-DHR provide clues of the underlying immunological mechanisms, while the study and identification of specific HLA profiles in selected patients allows making inference about the risk of suffer a reaction.

Conclusion: Advances on the knowledge of NI-DHR, based on genetic and transcriptomic analysis, will provide better understanding of the biology behind, as well as more opportunities to diagnose and treat the patients.

Published Date: 2021-07-05; Received Date: 2021-06-14