Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterised by less oxygen-carrying protein (hemoglobin) and fewer red blood cells in the body than normal. Symptoms include fatigue, weakness, paleness and slow growth. Mild forms may not need treatment. Severe forms may require blood transfusions or a donor stem-cell transplant.There are three main types of thalassemia (and four subtypes): beta thalassemia, which includes the subtypes major and intermedia alpha thalassemia, which include the subtypes hemoglobin H and hydrops fetalis thalassemia minor All of these types and subtypes vary in symptoms and severity. The onset may also vary slightly.
Published Date: 2020-12-31; Received Date: 2020-12-24