Muhammad Rehan Masoom and Rubaiyat Bin Arif
Culture and national character of modern nations are predominantly derived from the religious formation of that society. Determining the significance of religion for the societies turns out to be more complex and less definite. Transitions of worldwide religion, politics, trade and customs persuaded Muslims to integrate a cascade of changes in regional political power relations, formation of state, legal institutions, norms, rituals and even religious ideas. The realms of religion and politics are tightly intertwined with each-other in a number of ways. Though one is rather related to the private sphere of life and the other is to that of the public sphere, but both have a great impact on each other. New religious movement and political progress, in some part of the world, have become two sides of the same coin. Nonetheless, the role of religion remains an essential perspective to explain the social conditions of the people of heterogeneous advanced societies. This research offers a general interpretation of a constantly evolving complex of theological, cultural, social and religious traditions in Muslim societies.