Global Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences
Open Access

ISSN: 2319-8834

+44 7480022681

Abstract

Small Scale Fisheries as a Livelihood Strategy; a Case Study of Lake Chivero in Zimbabwe

Magdalene Kupaza , Oliver Tafadzwa Gore, Festus Mukanangana and Dr Eric Makurah

Small scale fisheries provide a source of livelihood to a significant population world over contributing to meeting the Millennium Development Goal 1; Poverty Reduction. Despite their role, small scale fisheries have often been ignored by policymakers. A case study using a descriptive survey design was conducted to investigate the operations of small scale fisheries and their contribution to livelihoods at Lake Chivero in Zimbabwe. Three categories of small scale fisheries were identified; individual fisheries with permits, cooperatives, and illegal fishers. The study revealed the presence of an institutional structure supporting access of the fishery resources to many people whilst maintaining sustainable use of the resources. Major challenges noted were related to poaching, unaffordable permits, and fluctuation of prices in the market. The study recommended regular consultations of small scale fisheries by the authority to review permit fees, introduce effective strategies to curb poaching, and coordination of the product marketing system.

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