Nsikak-Abasi A. Etim, Nse-Abasi N. Etim, Edem E. A. Offiong & Esther U. Essang
In response to persistent protein inadequacy in diets, households are involved in poultry keeping. But this requires resource-use like any other economic activity. However, these resources has to be efficiently transformed into product to maximize returns and satisfaction. This study estimated output-oriented technical efficiency using the stochastic production frontier functions which incorporates a model for inefficiency effects. Through the multi stage sampling procedure, 60 small scale poultry egg producers were selected and primary data for the study were obtained using questionnaire. Using the maximum likelihood estimation technique, asymptotic parameter estimates were evaluated to describe the efficiency determinants. Results reveal that feed is the most important and critical resource in poultry egg production and is significant (P < 0.05) whereas family labour, drugs and water are positive and significant (P < 0.10). Findings also reveal that stocking density is positive and significant at (P < 0.01). The average efficiency index of 0.66 suggest that by increasing the stocking density, the output of these farms could be stepped up. Results underscore the need to formulate appropriate policies that will encourage poultry egg producers to expand production.
Published Date: 2013-06-11;