Background: -Since December, 2019, an outbreak of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus2 (SARS-CoV-2) has widely and rapidly spread in China and around the world. Since 31 December 2019 and as of 30 April 2020, more than 25,000,000 cases of COVID-19 and 800,000 deaths have been reported. The grim epidemic has caused increasing public panic and mental health stress. Mental health is becoming an issue that cannot be ignored, while trying to control the outbreak.
Objective:-This is study aimed to assess the Prevalence and Factors Associated with Depression and Anxiety of Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19in St.peter Specialized Hospital COVID-19 Treatment Centers Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2020 G.C
Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted among 422 Patients with COVID-19admitted at St. Peter Specialized Hospital COVID-19 treatment center. The Anxiety and Depression was measured by using 14-items Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). After cleaning data was enter, in to EPI info version 7 then it was exported to SPSS versions 20 for analysis. To indicate the strength of association odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) was used and logistic regression was done and the level of significance of association was determined at P- value <0.05.
Result: A total of 373 participants were volunteer to be included in the study which makes the response rate 88.4%. The mean age of the respondents was 37.46(± SD =16.09) years. This study revealed that the Magnitude of Depression 36.5 % (136) and Anxiety 21.2 % (79) among COVID-19 patients. By using Multivariate (Anxiety) Logistic Regression, Patients who were Male (AOR 5.01, 95%CI (2.11, 11.87)), Housewife (AOR 11.43, 95%CI ( 2.67, 48.90)), Self-employed (AOR 2.45,, 95%CI (1.07, 5.60)), having Diagnosed Chronic illness (AOR 2.56, 95%CI (1.19, 5.53)), having COVID-19 Symptoms for below 7 days and for 8-14 days ((AOR 3.21, 95%CI (1.21, 8.58)) & AOR 3.70, 95%CI (1.55, 8.84)) respectively) and those who had Poor/low Social Support (AOR 3.42, 95%CI (1.21, 9.63)) had Statistically Significant Association with Anxiety.
Published Date: 2020-11-26;