The field-A1 is an offshore gas field located about 56 km from the coast of East Africa with the water depth of 1153 m. The permeability distribution varies across different layers with an overall permeability of 680 m and porosity distribution for the reservoir field-A1 varies 0.21-023. The reservoir thickness also varies up to 50 m thick. This research work identifies parameters that will contribute to the impact of water coning. Simulation sensitivities are run to observe the effect of water coning/cresting in horizontal gas wells and predicting the performance of these wells using Petrel simulator. Results have shown that put horizontal well in East-west will have early water breakthrough and not recommended due to the impact of edge aquifer due to less recovery compared to north-south and original wells orientation (northwest-southeast). The varying height of perforation and standoff as identified is at the standoff between 30-40 m in the field-A2 will delay water coning high recovery with more extended plateau length period. The gas recovery may happen to be low, due to the distribution of permeability layer for the horizontal wells and low productivity index that is the performance of the well. Rate-dependent skin and mechanical skin evolution in time show that increasing non-Darcy /turbulence factor reduces the performance of the well and decreases gas recovery the high drawdown tendency is observed before water breakthrough time however there is early water breakthrough, thus use of deep penetration. Horizontal gas wells have a constant horizontal length for all cases of 300 m increasing tubing head pressure from 40-100 bars result to decrease plateau length period of the gas production, low water production rate, and low gas recovery. Varying the kv/kh ratio from 0.1, 0.6 to 1 shows early water breakthrough by 6 months earlier from the base case with 0.1 hence will not delay water coning. The gas recovery is reduced by 5%. Gas recovery is increased with an increase in gas rates constrain, and early water breakthrough is observed when producing at high rates. Producing at low rates may delay water coning. However, it is not economical since there is less gas recovery and may take a more extended period for production to reach to its total maximum gas production of which is less compared when producing at high gas rates. There is a stronger of the aquifer from the west side, which is predictable to cause water coning than on the east side. This aquifer impacts the gas recovery reduction by 19%, with water coning radial extension of 1.7 km and peak water production rate for 16 years. The aquifer influx rate is seen to be increased by 69% when the aquifer volume is double. Therefore, from the results producing at a high rate that has high recovery before the impact of aquifer or water has occurred to the wells, known as outrunning of the aquifer. To avoid water coning, using advance completion technique such as inflow control devices (ICD), installing a down hole gauge. Also, it is essential not to perforate if well is near to gas water contact the horizontal wells should be located at maximum distance from gas water contact to maximize gas recovery. Not only that but also use of fully open choke allows much water production rate increase, which leads to water coning.
Published Date: 2019-07-30; Received Date: 2019-06-22