Journal of Food Processing & Technology

Journal of Food Processing & Technology
Open Access

ISSN: 2157-7110



Optimisation of Process for Development of Nutritionally Enriched Multigrain Bread

Hafiya Malik, Gulzar Ahmad Nayik and Dar BN

The main aim for the development of multigrain breads was to meet the increasing demand of healthy diet with reference to economy. The multigrain breads were developed by replacing wheat flour by 5.10, 15, 20 and 30% of oat, barley, maize and rice flours and 1% flax seeds were incorporated in bread making to increase its pharmaceutical value. A prominent change was observed in case of protein content by altering the substitution levels. Similarly fat, fibre and ash also vary by varying the flour ratios. The colour analysis showed certain change in L*, a* and b* values. More the fibre content was introduced in the samples, more the brown colour appeared. The texture profile analysis (hardness, springiness, chewiness & cohesiveness) increased by increasing the percentage of composite flours in the blends. Physical characteristics (bread volume, dough expansion and specific volume) increased by decreasing the percentage of blends in the bread samples and vice versa.